Hardscaping

Your dream outdoor living space is the place where you can truly relax and enjoy the natural beauty of the outdoors. It could be a serene garden setting with a bubbling fountain and lush landscaping, a spacious lawn with a picnic table and swings, or even a peaceful hilltop retreat with a view. Whatever your idea of the perfect outdoor space, it should be inviting, comfortable, and visually appealing.

And that’s why we’ve put together this visual guide to help you imagine and create your dream outdoor living space. First, think about the setting you’d like your outdoor space to have. Do you want it to be serene and tranquil? Or would you prefer a more lively atmosphere with lots of activity? Is it important to you that there be plenty of shade or sun exposure?

Landscaping
& design

Aesthetically Pleasing Display

Imagine waking up to the sound of birds chirping in the morning and the sight of colorful flowers blooming in your backyard. Imagine sitting down to a delicious meal with family and friends and watching the sun set over the horizon. Imagine spending your weekends lounging on a hammock sipping on a fruity Sangria as you relax in your tranquil paradise.

The possibilities are endless when it comes to creating an outdoor living space that is both beautiful and functional for you and your loved ones. From lush lawns to sparkling pools, hardscapes can help transform any outdoor space into a haven of serenity and relaxation. Plus, they are cost-effective and easy to maintain, which makes them ideal options for busy families. So why not take some time to dream big and create a stunning oasis in your backyard?

Hardscape Construction 101

LOOK BEYOND THE SURFACE

There’s more to a successful project than simply what you see on the finished surface. The long term performance of your project is determined by the quality of work that’s done underneath your pavers and walls.

7-Step process

There’s more to a successful project than simply what you see on the finished surface. The long term performance of your project is determined by the quality of work that’s done underneath your pavers and walls.

INCLUDED:

  • Paver movement due to base failure
  • Regluing loose caps / pavers

01
EXCAVATION

The first step in any project is excavating of grass and topsoil. The depth will depend on two factors:

Soil Type – Clay soil requires deep excavation; sandy soil requires less.

Use – Heavy loads like driveways and retaining walls require deeper excavation; lighter loads like patios and walkways require less.

Depth of excavation can be reduced by adding DriveGrid(TM) once the soil has been removed.

02
GRAVEL
BASE

The excavated area will be filled with a base gravel. This gravel base needs to be:

Strong enough to handle the load of whatever is placed on the surface.

Free draining so that water drains out of the base into the subsoil. Retaining walls may require a perforated drain pipe in the gravel base to direct water away from the base of the wall.

Extended at least six inches beyond the edges of the finished paver surface.

Compacted in several layers, using the proper equipment.

03
BEDDING
LAYER

A 1″ (25mm) layer of sand or tiny stone chips is spread out and smoothed on top of the solid gravel base. This layer allows paver or wall units to be leveled or sloped for smoothness and drainage.

Some contractors may recommend a poured concrete surface instead of a typical bedding layer, which is fine as long as the concrete is accurately poured and sits on a stable and well-drained base. Note: Once concrete is poured, the height of paver or wall units can no longer be adjusted.

04
LAYING
THE PAVERS

Once the bedding layer has been placed and smoothed out (called “screeding”) the pavers are laid on to the bedding course. Never walk on the bedding course while installing the pavers. Start laying the pavers against a building wall or structure first and if your project has an accent border, install those pavers first. Use one of our pattern sheets to help keep your overall pattern on track.

Once you reach the outer perimeter of your paver installation, plan and execute any cuts that are necessary to complete your edge design.

05
RESTRAINT SYSTEM

For pavers, an edge restraint will be secured with long metal spikes to prevent perimeter pavers from drifting out. For walls, glue may be used to secure rows of blocks and larger retaining walls may require geogrid to be used every few layers to secure the wall into the soil that is being retained.

06
JOINT
MATERIAL

For pavers, an edge restraint will be secured with long metal spikes to prevent peri

The color you choose for joint material impacts the overall aesthetic. It also plays an important role between pavers, in keeping weeds and other debris out. Your contractor can help you decide which joint material is right for your project

There are two types of joint material to choose from:

Basic Jointing Sand – Years ago, this was the only joint material available. As it wore away, issues with weeds could arise. If you choose a basic sand, we recommend that you use a joint stabilizing sealer and be prepared to replenish the sand when needed.

Polymeric Sand – This special sand stays in place longer because it is combined with a binding agent. However, it’s not right for every project and needs to be installed with care to prevent hazing.

meter pavers from drifting out. For walls, glue may be used to secure rows of blocks and larger retaining walls may require geogrid to be used every few layers to secure the wall into the soil that is being retained.

07
SEALING

Unilock pavers will be durable with, or without, a sealer. Some homeowners choose to apply a sealer to enhance the color of the pavers, while others choose to appreciate the color of the pavers as they are. Some Unilock pavers are sold factory sealed. If you choose to seal, you should plan to re-seal every 3-5 years.

Build your dream yard today!

Are you ready to give your outdoor space a much-needed makeover? Creating your dream yard doesn’t have to be a difficult or overwhelming. The team at ROI Landscapes will create the right plan, provide all of the materials, and tools, to transform your yard into the oasis of your dreams.

Why ROI Property Services

We specialize in helping clients increase the value and beauty of their homes by providing hardscaping, landscaping, proper drainage solutions, and more!

Contact

32425 Grand River Avenue
Farmington, Michigan 48336
(248) 914-0744
www.ROIproservices.com
Mon. - Fri. 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Sat. - Sun. Closed
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